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of the top echelon would be members. thank you very much your today i will talk about chinese foreign policy and the relations between china and the united states. this is really a very good subject. and i have to confess the moment i enjoyed the q&a session much better than the speech itself. so probably i will not take up 40 minutes. i will make it relatively short and we'll have questions and answers. first, maybe just a few words on china's foreign policy. and i promise i will not repeat the official china line. rather, i was like to offer my personal points of view. on what is behind the official point of view and how all this could be seen in proper setting. because china's foreign policy has been the subject, that many people have studied, discussed, written about and lectured on. it is a subject that is very often misunderstood. so as we visit this policy, under the policy level for a closer look at china's history and culture, behind the formulation of the policy, it is extremely important. and to connect the dots of history, culture and the foreign policy formulation is even more i
. there are other organizations and entities that have responsibility and that's true not only in foreign policy but it's true and development policy where what we are doing now is trying to put together networks and partnerships to solve problems that government alone and even international organizations alone would not be as effective in doing so. i just came out of the clinton global initiative in new york which was really born out of my husband's insight when he left the white house. they were so many different players now in in the world you you who had a role that could contribute to solving primarily development problems that we needed a vehicle to get them together to make commitments to do so. i think the same is true on the security side as well. we are never going to deal with the problem of cybersecurity and lessers of partnership between governments and we are never going to be able to deal with a lot of the trendline problems compound whether it's terrorism or poaching for human trafficking without having a broader network of invested players and leaders. so i don't know that it's
the the rebalanced let's use that phrase for american foreign policy the middle east in particular to the asian-pacific was clearly one of the strategic calling cards of your tenure as secretary but you are also involved very much in the trenches and having to make last-minute calls, tough calls to the process which is the job of the secretary of state but to a blended those two things that we can therefore in our conversation talk about grand strategy with u.n. could end up talking about some of those tough calls you had to make as we go along and i hope we we can drop the insights of your experience for the future and not just for how things went during that time. we will kick off their fur were the big question. when you took up your position as secretary of state and this is one of your calling cards that phrase you used that there were questions about the future of america's global leadership in you wanted to be able to renew the commitment to the tools of diplomacy and engage with allies etc.. today if i look at the world i would say america powerful country easily the most powerful shale
will this could be seen in its proper perspective. because china's foreign policy has been a subject that many people have discussed, written about and lectured on. it is barry often been misconceived. so every visit to this policy, especially on a policy level for a closer look at china's history and culture, behind the formulation of the policy is extremely important. and to connect the dots of history, culture and the foreign-policy formulation is even more important. china's economy summarized in a very simple and brief formulation. the independent foreign policy. now we have two keywords from the cabinet and peace. i believe it's two words actually defying the nature of the whole policy. first, independent. why independence is so important for china's current policy for the country. china has been an independent country for many centuries. we cherish independence very much and it is one of our fundamental ideas. from 1840 to 1949, china was invaded by foreign powers time and again and lost much of its independent. for instance, china's customs service from 1861 to 1911 was bush official,
around here. >> jon: you can imagine with the foreign policy. >> not the foreign policy the government shutdown the syrians think we're idiots. >> jon: we're idiots? >> yeah. >> jon: they are hardly if a position to judge us. syria is not a model society these days. >> yeah, but guess what? even with the whole country torn part the syrian government has paid all its bills and workers wages. can you believe that (bleep)? the memorial i'm sure they are building to this war is open right now. (bleep). >> jon: wow. so the government is open. but -- but -- but assad is still a murderous dictator. >> true. but you want to know what he said to me today, jon? >> jon: wait, what he said to you? >> yeah, the president of syria said to me today while we were eating he said what is up with that ted cruz guy? seems like a bit of a whack job. >> jon: reety assad said that to you? totally. >> jon: did you did you say to assad? >> what (bleep) am i supposed to say you just nod and finish your s [cheers and applause] >> jon: welcome back. listen. if you were an astute observer of politics you may have
washington, the foreign- policy initiative think tank. and a research fellow at the institute for perspective and security studies in europe. you can join the conversation on facebook and on twitter. too soon to judge the words of the iranian deputy foreign minister on whether or not today's talks are groundbreaking. too soon to judge. but are you surprised at the speed at which things are now happening? >> first, i am no longer with the iranian foreign council. that was last year. both sides have a common interest to find a deal. >> right away, we are going to be in geneva? >> not necessarily right away, but after the election, that deal can be within reach next year. we feel that the iranian leadership is kind of preparing for a potential deal. the real problem is to be able to sell a deal back home. this is not an easy thing to do. >> you have seen negotiations come and go. did you think this time was different? >> in a hurry. we have sentences, it is no use spending in the economy. it is believed that soon, he is in the hands of the west because the negotiators have put on the table a pla
strategically and i think the rebalance, let's use that phrase, of american foreign policy in the middle east in particular to the asia-pacific was clearly one of the big strategic calling cards of your tenure as secretary but you're also involved very much in the trenches and having to make last-minute calls, tough calls through the process which is the job of a secretary of state. but to have blended those two things, and we can therefore in our conversation talk about grand strategy with you. we can also end up talking about some of those really tough calls you have to make as you go along. i hope we can draw out insights of your experience for the future and not just for how things went at that time. let me kick off therefore with kind of a big question i suppose. when you took up your position as secretary of state, u.s. leadership, this is one of your calling cards, i think the phrase you used there were questions about the future of america's global leadership and you wanted to be able to renew the commitment to the tools of diplomacy, engage with allies, et cetera. today, if i look at
or rebalancing foreign policy towards the asia pacific. you mentioned china and keeping the sun site and you are pushing this is strategic and economic dialogue and at the same time you are a ally and mouse southeast asia in singapore and etc. how would you balance that with the fact that this may be seen as does have a point. did you feel we were meeting chinese leaders? >> oh, yes, i did. there were concerns on the part of the chinese leadership over what this meant. but when i planned the first trip and presented a strategy to the white house, by wanted to integrate the different strands of her our involvement and there is a very strong argument that rising china has to be the central focus of american foreign policy in the asia pacific and also the increasingly even global view. the hope being that that involvement that we could move as bob has said, becoming a stakeholder. traditional allies and we have treated allowances would japan and south korea and the philippines and i stress and also there was a ceiling on their part that we need to be much clearer about what american interests w
to be president. he had no foreign policy experience at all and he wasn't a new dealer and there is no way that fdr would allow. but what roosevelt did, and he had to know the consequences of this. when he refused to state his intentions he basically throws the field so most other candidates didn't know what he would do but they felt there was a good chance that perhaps he would run. yes, sir. >> what position did he take on the war during the campaign itself? >> during the campaign itself he took the same position. in his acceptance speech in indiana following the republican convention he made a very dramatic statement increasing the policy to britain short of the war but he was under heavy pressure when he was convinced that when he was a certain loser and that was factually true so he began to make it is issue and made a statement we don't know whether it was deliberate or not saying reid re-elect roosevelt and people were scared to death at this and he started calling them in war maunder but he supported the first peacetime draft in the united states and that wouldn't have passed witho
with us now senior fellow at the foreign policy institute and lecturer of russian and eurasian studies, charles gotti. he's author of the new book "zbig." kind of awkward doing this interview. charles, it's so good to have you. the book is amazing and i just want to know from your work on it what story surprised you the most about my father, revealed the most to you about his character? >> well one thing i didn't know was a letter he wrote in 1974, a long time ago to governor harriman of new york who was a foreign policy heavy weight as well. he had heard, that is your dad had heard that harriman had made some unkind comments about him saying that he was not qualified as a polish-american to deal with the soviet union. he wrote him a letter i believe that henry kissinger is qualified to deal with the middle east and i believe that a polish catholic is qualified to deal with the soviet union just as i believe that you as a millionaire capitalist is qualified to deal with the soviet union as well. >> you see why growing up i had just absolutely no fight in the game. none. none. >> he was
and things like that. >> also foreign policy, andrea. >> foreign policy. very isolationist. i would say foreign aid is in trouble here. >> foreign aid in big trouble. this group of moderates basically they don't see what good it's giving america. war weariness we saw in there. definitely open to cutting the defense budget. again, they are looking inward. one of our polsters said this. most of these folks fall in the middle that aren't comfortable left or right, they fall in the middle. they are essentially looking at politics through their own life. they sit here and say, boy, i'm struggling to do this, why are we bothering aiding the military in egypt who isn't interested in helping us out. >> is it any wonder after the two wars we've been through and recession that people are looking inward. there's a lot of space for a different kind of political candidate. >> it is. if people look at it. here is the thing. we all knew -- we used to say politics fought between the 40 yarls using a football metaphor. what we've learned with this poll, politics fought between the 25 yard line. the two
council hosted an energy council on foreign policy foreign-policy and security. this event includes a description by former nightline anchor ted koppel and this is 40 minutes. >> 20 years after this interview, someone else invaded kuwait in the wheel wells did explode, but it was not the united states of america. good morning, ladies and gentlemen. my name is carl looked, and i am part of the energy council. we recognize members of the council and we will do so later and i would like to welcome you all to this program and we commemorate today the 40th anniversary of the oil embargo with the launch of a new report by the council, suggesting solutions to the problem that we have been dealing with for the past -- almost century. four years ago this week a group of oil-producing countries attacked an american way of life with 5 million barrels from the oil market. within weeks, the price of oil quadrupled and it was sent into a tailspin. most americans, the embargo is a distant episode remembereremembere d mostly by the notorious gas lines and in retrospect, it may be one of the most se
to the foreign policy that mr. bush and cheney implemented in the united states when they were running this country. >> i'm not a fan of bush and cheney. let me say -- >> mr. klayman, please allow -- you must allow professor peterson to have his say. >> when bush and cheney were prosecuting the war on terror, i did not hear your group referring to them as muslim or delegitimize their presidency. so is that begs the question as to why president obama, whose foreign policy, again, is quite comparable, if not in some ways identical to the bush/cheney foreign policy, why that draws the ire of this president. >> rather than listening to cropped quotes which msnbc sometimes has done, i think hopefully it will be corrected in the future, i suggest that you -- >> did you say that he was a muslim? did you say that this president was -- >> you said bowed down -- >> kneeled down to the quran? >> that was a metaphor that he favors arabic interests over american and it's really interests. and he is not -- frankly, he's not a president in the mold of a jefferson or an adams, who believes in -- >> mr
on foreign policy. they have a tougher foreign policy. they differ on economic issues systems of i am a civil libertarian liberal, but i still call myself a liberal. and i'm proud of it. >> all right. well, be proud of it. one of the things i read, for example, an issue, abortion. very contentious issue. you said you felt it should be in the political -- the legislative political arena. >> absolutely. >> state by state rather than the federal government. heck, i'm pro-life, and agree with you. >> i can't find anything in the constitution that says you prefer the life of the mother or the convenience of the mother if it's an abortion by choice over the potential life of the fetus. look, i think women if they're required to not have abortions could die and could -- so i favor a woman's right to choose. but i can't find it in the constitution. and everything i favor i don't think is necessarily constitutionally based. >> all right. let's go to another one. you've been at harvard all these years. the issue of diversity and discrimination on campuses and so forth and so on. from what i gathered, y
in geneva and foreign policy chief kathryn ashton are sitting down and said they have a proposal to world powers regarding the nuclear program and we will go to james and he is live from geneva and this is fast-moving diplomacy. >> reporter: indeed, these talks started an hour ago and we are getting a bit of a picture of what is going on now behind the closed doors and we have been briefed by an eu spokesman in the past few minutes and speaking to a senior iranian diplomate and the so called p 5 plus 1 is pretty well-known and had meetings with the iranian and five since april last year. what i think they wanted to hear was the knew iranian position and the new position is being outlined right now and we understand that he is at the moment giving a power point presentation and the title of the presentation is entitled closing the unnecessary crisis, opening new horizons. we are hoping to get some of the details of the iranian proposal in the coming hours, steven. >> reporter: stay with us. just while you were talking we saw some pictures of the eu foreign representative or ashton and af
in gin eve a. participants include mohammed sareef and foreign policy chief ashton. envoys from the u.s., russia, china, france, and germany are there, too. ashton's spokesperson said zarrif gave a 30-minute presentation to explain tehran's ideas. they propose to accept tougher inspections, in exchange they want western powers to ease economic sanctions on them. the u.s. and other nations have demanded the iranians stop enriching uranium close to weapons grade. they say only then would they ease sanctions. >>> a large and powerful typhoon is churning toward japan's biggest metropolis. residents of tokyo and the surrounding area are preparing to take cover from heavy rain and fierce winds. officials at the meteorological agency said wipha could be the strongest typhoon to hit the city and eastern japan in a decade. they're calling for people to stay home and be prepared to evacuate if necessary. airline companies have canceled more than 500 domestic flights scheduled for tuesday evening and wednesday. forecasters warn the storm could cause major disruptions to other public transportati
for eu foreign powers -- foreign policy said it is a sense of cautious optimism but now is the time for results. a professor told me negotiations are being made in good faith and could yet the derailed. >> the other side is very much ready for some sort of settlement in the nuclear portfolio. there are a good number of people that want the same thing. what we have to worried about is association with the israeli government inside and outside the u.s. government. people are working for the lobby in the united states and do not want to see a deal. they want to sanction iran. those are the people you have to worry about. iran leadership is very much speaking in the same tone, in the same lines. they want the sanctions removed. they are willing to put everything on the table, effect the enrichment ability. >> next, suspected of last week posses killing of a 25-year-old russian, being detained. police found him outside of moscow and brought him here in a helicopter earlier. sources say the man already confessed his guilt and the stabbing led to massive interethnic cleanses. locals and su
powers take it seriously. western negotiators include eu foreign policy chief katherine ashton and envoys from the u.s., britain, france, russia, china, and germany. they praised the iranian proposal, but no details have been released. the western powers believe iranian scientists are getting closer to enriching uranium to weapons grade. leaders in tehran said their nuclear program is for peaceful purposes, and they want u.s.-led economic sanctions eased. the british foreign secretary william hailing hague has welcomed dip the maic efforts. he spoke to reporters after meeting with the foreign minister. heying did not rule out a lifting of sanctions on iran, but he said he wants to see real actions from the country. >> any decisions about sanctions must be related to decisions on actual developments, positive developments in the way that iran pursues its nuclear program. >> hague urged iran to seize this opportunity to make negotiations a success. >>> lawmakers in washington are striving to quickly break the fiscal impasse as the thursday deadline for raising the u.s. borrowing limit draws
two sides agreed to hold follow-up talks on november 7th and 8th in geneva. the eu's top foreign policy official praised the latest round of talks. they're the first since iran's moderate president rouhani took office. >> the most detailed we have ever had by, i would say, a long way. >> reporter: in negotiations, iran's foreign minister outlined the new proposal. he appears to have suggested that his country is ready to rein in the nuclear program in return for the right to enrich uranium and easing of economic sanctions. details of the talks have not been made public but both sides issued their first-ever joint statement in what's been taken as a sign of readiness to work on the proposal. the iranian side sounded equally committed. >> translator: i believe that iran and western countries will be able to achieve a shared objective through future negotiations. i am optimistic. >> reporter: at the center of the world power's concern is iran's uranium enrichment program. iran now has enough enriched uranium to power nuclear reactors or to produce the core of a nuclear bomb. the cou
. >> is pointed out the trip to asia and the world that you played in the rebalancing of the foreign-policy in balance towards the asia-pacific. you mention china and pushing its strategic and economic dialogue and had a strategic partner that that which was important at the same time you were forceful advocate for your ac on allies in southeast asia and the philippines singapore etc. in and other countries there. how do you balance the positive message to ozzy on allies to china but who has seen the morrissey -- area. did you feel this with the chinese leader's? b. there were concerns on the part of the chinese over what this meant. but when i planned that first trip and presented the strategy to the white house i wanted to integrate what were different strands of our environment. there is a very strong argument that a rising china has to be the central focus of american foreign policy in the asia-pacific and increasingly even globally. the hope being that do that kind of involvement as bob zoellick said we could move towards china becoming a responsible stakeholder. there were traditional
unemployment. it has raised uncertainty. there are real problems. now if you look at foreign policy, i think our foreign policy is absolutely rudderless. my sense is that we absolutely don't have a strategic sense of what we're doing. melissa: okay. >> and egypt is an example. syria too. melissa: so before we run out of time, is this particular crisis more serious than those ones that i just mentioned that seemed very serious at the time and like they could totally derail markets and economy? i understand they have been a drag but they were painted as, they could blow up these things, they did not. is this particular debt ceiling, is it more serious than all of the things i mentioned? charles, go first. paul next. >> it is more serious if they fail to actually reach an agreement that might lead to debt non-payment. we're still in the middle of it. if greece had actually defaulted or somebody pulled out of the euro that would have been serious too. right now that doesn't look like that will happen. we don't know about washington. melissa: more serious or same amount, or less? >> more serious
or pilotless aircraft. we're talking about two separate administrations and it goes above foreign policy. then the affect of that foreign policy of people overseas, on the end of it. we have the reports on human rights issues and council terrorism issues, and the report going before the assembly on the 25th will say that there are far more people killed than the u.s. admits to. according to the report, 450 civilian versus been killed in pakistan, afghanistan and yemen. since 2004 according to his report the pakistani government says 400 civilian versus been killed by drones or pilotless aircraft, and in his conclusion an additional 200 civilians may well have been killed over that figure of 400. >> what does the obama administration say about this. >> reporter: john brennan, who used to be the president's adviser of terrorism now head of c.i.a. is quoted in saying there is no collateral damage and he's talking about the capability of the system developed by the united states when it comes to these pilotless aircraft. a speech given by the president in may of this year in which he defende
of the u.s. foreign policy and the president's sworn oath to protect americans wherever they are in the world particularly in the home land and the effect that foreign policy often has on people as they live their life overseas. the u.n.ment ben ennis, has produced a report which is in its interim stage going to be presented to the united nations on the 25th of october and al jazeera has seen this report and in it he makes it very clear that the result of civilian death is really much higher than united states has ever led open. united states hasn't really talked about figures but nonetheless it's considerably higher according to the united nations than anybody previously thought. we have a graphic that will explain what we mean or what ben emerson means. he says that 450 civilians have died as a result of pilot -- pilotless aircraft. 400 people within the pakistan border an emerson said in his conclusion that200 people have died on top of the 400 people that the pakista pakistanis aret talking about. the united nations is calling on the united states to live up to its p
has that story. >> it really goes to the heart of the u.s. foreign policy, the oath to protect americans wherever they are in the world particularly in the home land and the effect of that foreign policy for people overseas who are on the end of it. ben emerson is a special reporter, going before the general assembly on the 25th is going to say there are far more civilians killed than the united states government admits to. let's look at this graphic which helps explain it a little bit more. 450 civilians have been killed in pakistan, afghanistan and yemen since 2004. according to his report, the pakistani government claim that 400 have been killed, and ben emerson himself concludes that more than 200 may well have been killed over that figure of 400 given by the pakistanis. the speech given in may of this year in which the president defended the use of the drones and narrowed the campaign against al qaeda and its affiliates. >> president obama has named his choice to be the next head of homeland security. jay johnson is the pentagon's former top lawyer. he served nearly seven
but this is symptomatic of something that we are all sensing when we look at u.s. foreign policy, u.s. foreign policy in the middle east is not very strategic at least of late, not very assertive and as a result there has been an effort by russia, an opportunistic effort to sweep in and take a strategic advantage and the russian government has done a very successful job and as a result it projects an image of a country that is on the march. but if you look at what is happening in russia itself, is clear that that perception is wrong. raja may appear strong now internationally but internally it is approaching the transformation. i would argue a transformation that will be when it sets in every bit as earth shattering as the collapse of the soviet union two decades ago. this upheaval is really the product of three trends that a beginning to emerge but are on trajectory to intersect in a very dramatic way. the first is very simply that russia is dying demographically speaking. for those that are not demographers, good for you because it is not the most exciting of professions but for those that are demo
for the foreign-policy establishment as they move out of their public positions onto the boards of these corporations. these are part-time positions, but they are very high positions. they have financial and -- financial and fiduciary responsibilities. this is something viewers at home should be notified of. and perhaps it should preclude their involvement in debates like this or perhaps they should not get the podium and platform they given for their views given the fact they have these conflict of interest that are quite serious. >> kevin, your report focuses largely on stephen hadley who served as national security visor to president george w. bush. during the debate on syria, he appeared on cnn, as some -- msnbc, fox news and bloomberg. none of the stations informed viewers that hadley currently serves as a director of the weapons manufacturer where evian that makes tomahawk cruise missiles. he also owns over 11,000 shares of raytheon stock in which traded it all time highs during the syrian debate. here he is being interviewed on fox news about the so-called red line. >> di
foreign policy. >> foreign policy as well. i'm an optimist and i think there is always opportunity for the republicans to come out of this -- they are going to be looking their wounds and doubled down on losing strategy that had no end game. so they are really going to have to recalibrate their strategy going forward and hopefully that involves a -- you know, an interest in some more bipartisan engagement here. we really haven't seen it to date. >> the recalibration goes to the point you raised that we could save as much from social security if we just didn't have the long-term cost of wrangling. that was a great contrast. thanks for breaking it down. >> for debt ceiling deniers, ella explains what the debt ceiling really is by comparing to yes, your pizza bill, you heard that right and we have it all in kindergarten terms. check out the video on facebook. here's a preview. >> it needs to fix this -- this is one of the things that barack obama has to fix, but he can get help but only if he makes the right choice. >> abby, your job is in danger. >> it really is. >> also, you've got
issues beyond 2015. >> that afternoon, everyone. i am the acting vice president director of the foreign-policy program here at brookings. thank you for coming. we have a very privileged discussion this afternoon. what we call the states and form. i can think of no other better today, theur guest current deputy secretary-general of the united nations. on behalf of our president and all of us at brookings, i want to give a big welcome to the deputy secretary-general and also to ambassador tom pickering , a distinguished fellow here at the brookings institution and well-known to many of you. ambassador secretary-general took up this post on the appointment of secretary general keep moon in july of 2012 grade he has a long and established career in diplomacy around the world, and the u.n. system and for sweden. toserved as the ambassador sweden for the united states and spent time as sweden's word minister. in the early 90s, he was the first u.n. under-secretary general for humanitarian affairs and was the special envoy of the u.n. secretary-general in darfur. on and on.es many years of experience
to the very heart of the issue between the united states foreign policy and the president's oath to protect the american people wherever they are in the world, but particularly within the homeland, and the affect on foreign policy. the report in the interim stage, the full report won't come out until 2014, the interim report is going to be published before the general assembly october 25. he said the way more civilians are being killed than the united states government is letting on. we have a photographic that better explains. the report says 450 civilians at least have been killed by drones in pakistan, afghanistan and yemen since 2004, so we're going back to the bush administration, here, as well. he says in his report that pakistan confirmed, the government of pakistan that 400 people, at least 400 people have been killed by pilotless aircraft and ben emerson's conclusion is at least another 200 what he calls no one combatants have been killed by drones in pakistan, going back to 2004. >> why is pakistan reporting such a high number of deaths? >> pakistan is key ally in the united state
and it causes those ideas not to be used again. and i think the hyperinterventionist foreign policy that dick cheney really was the key advocate for in the bush smrgs now viewed on both sides of the aisle as a failure even if republicans don't want to say that too loudly. the idea with sequestration was supposed to be that republicans would be so horrified about the idea of big defense department cuts they'd insist on a fix. a lot of republicans are saying that's basically okay with them. you couldn't imagine rand paul becoming the big figure he is in the republican party now eight years ago because eight years ago people would have said we need to go invade countries. >> nor could you imagine the republican establishment getting behind someone like rand paul with dick cheney in the vice president's office. >> there was a great moment in david frum's review of the book of cheney being put in his place in 2007. the heller case when the supreme court was coming up. cheney signed on to a brief that was much stronger that went much further than paul clement did and president bush's chief of staff
. the next day he broke with his more dovish advisers, that coupled with a sometimes hawkish foreign policy and concern about excessive deficits have led to argue he is not as liberal. arguing that conservatives may want to claim jfk as one of their own. new book, jfk, conservative. >> happy to be here. >> in this book, you tell us why jfk is a conservative? >> he pioneered supply side tax cuts and built up the military while restraining domestic spending and wanted to reform welfare. he appointed to the supreme court the justice who wrote the dissent in the abortion case of roe v. wade. he was religious and believed america was locked in the war against the godless soviet u.n. john. >> they were pretty godless, let's be real. the thing that jumped out to me, some of this obsession or fixation on the conservative aspect of kennedy's legacy leans heavily on religion, language and rhetoric and so the question there is, what do you say to people who say, sure, he positioned some of his ideas in universalistic or conservative context in order to appeal to everybody? >> you have to look at not j
a domestic policy or a foreign policy. on the domestic front, seward wants to give up fort sumter and try to use that as a way of making lincoln the union president. on the foreign front he raises, as was mentioned, the possibility of war or the threat of war with britain or france. then at the end, i do not have the precise wording, it is kind of convoluted as his sentences were, but he said something that whatever is decided, someone must be in charge of seeing that it's done. i did the president or some member of the cabinet. i do not mean to suggest myself, but i am not shirking the matter either. lincoln writes out a response which is not among the seward papers in rochester. it's in lincoln's papers. in all likelihood he did not give it to seward, only talked about it. at the end when he got to the question, he can say that as to that i must do it. that is the quote and the heading of my chapter that deals with me. although this memo is interesting, i think to spend too much time on it, it distorts the relationship between lincoln and seward. it focuses on one moment of tension rath
is an independent state has a different foreign policy from baghdad. it had its own ties to the syrian opposition. it has been supporting the syrian kurds who have established their own rigid and wish to emulate -- region and wish to emulate. here is another actor which is an interesting position is turkey. prior to 2003, the turkish government considered anything kurdish to be a threat to the unity of turkey which has the largest kurd population in the world. today, turkey is a close ally of the government and iraq. it is facilitating its eventual independence. even though the dominant party is linked to the turkish kurdish group, turkey has established within them. it is also supporting the sunni opposition to assad. it is a really complicated mix. the fundamental point is these countries were artificial creations in the aftermath of the first world war. they are now falling apart. it is very hard to withdraw in the 21st century. i think the realities on the ground are the countries are falling apart and at some point the political map will follow. >> will get right back to that. i want to get
european union foreign policy chief catherine ashton. >> i hope in the course of that time there will be an opportunity to really go into the detail and to explore the possibilities. we come here with cautious optimism, but a real sense of determination. >> the iranians expected to ask their counterparts to lift economic sanctions. they're promising to offer up a new proposal and hope to reach an agreement within a year. delegates from the u.s. and europe are expected to demand that the iranians stop the uranium enrichment program. president rouhani said iranians have the right to enrich uranium for peaceful purposes. he denies the goal of the program is to produce nuclear weapons and says they'll be more transparent about their nuclear activities. >>> many iranians believe that in electing rouhani they would bring about change and hope the talks in geneva will be a step in that direction. nhk world reports from tehran. >> reporter: people in
nicely about quality of american foreign- policy. on syria, one would think it was a dissident 12 tone scale. i wondered if you thought that the deal, however was reached on the chemical weapons, was in relevance to the real problem, the civil war, or think it is actually a step to resolving it. >> i think at this point, it can be and should be a step toward resolving it. on its own it has merit. fullyg or at least acknowledging and trying to contain syria's chemical capacity is very important for the ongoing civil war, but also the potential dangers to put into that can be the category of a positive outcome of the ongoing negotiations. a times in part such limit because there has not yet been a willingness on the part of the russians to push the -- andegime, irani and's -- iranians to rule them to present a united front that would provide negotiators on the syrian side. the fact that russia and the united states, and the rest of the world have cooperated on this chemical weapons endeavor perhapss toward leading into the geneva 2 negotiations. i negotiated geneva one. it was a roadmap
for african affairs, somalia will remain atop the foreign policy priority for the department of state as it has for the obama administration. the bilateral relationships, the election of president a side dish was a welcome signal that room for political progress in somalia was opening. this was made possible in part because of the international community's support for the peace process and the role of our regional partners, notably the african union and the intergovernmental authority and developments. on january 17 to be formally recognized the federal government of somalia after two decades of transitional government's. nonetheless, the u.s. government also understood very clearly that somalia would face considerable challenges as it worked to rebuild its stated. the success of the african union mission in somalia, -- amisom troop contributing countries and strategic partners to combat and eviscerate al shabaab are demonstrating the strength of an african-led model. nonetheless this somalia based al qaeda affiliate remains a dangerous presence. the all too recent terrorist attack in
development. he's introduced by brookings foreign policy director, ted. [inaudible conversations] >> good afternoon, everyone. i'm ted. i'm the acting vice president director of the foreign policy program here at brookings. thank you for coming. we have a very privileged discussion this afternoon. it's what we call the statesman forum. and i can think of no other better title for our guest today ambassador young who is the current deputy secretary general of of theup united nations. on behalf of the president and automatic of us at brookings, i want to give a big welcome to the deputy secretary general, and also to ambassador tom pickering, a distinguished fellow with us at the brookings constitution. i'm sure well known to many of you. i'll introduce him in a minute. ambassador deputy secretary general, that's a long title -- became -- took up the post on the appointment of secretary general in july of 2012. he has a long and very distinguished career in diplomacy around the world. in the u.n. system and for sweden. he served as sweden's ambassador to the united states. he also spent tim
-american world, american businesses had a fairly heavy hand in driving u.s. foreign policy. however, at the treaty of versailles, the u.s. failed to -- [inaudible] why were companies like standard oil able to overcome that sentiment especially because as you discussed in the book, they had had interests in the region previously? >> right. um, i think by end of world war i the -- each when the americans -- even when the americans went into the war, the american people were by a pretty significant majority opposed to the americans going into the war. so by the time the war was over, the idea that the americans, you know, wilson's idea that the americans would now take on this kind of international referee role, i think, was just a nonstarter from the beginning. certainly in congress, and he had a very hostile congress which he helped make even more hostile because he was a completely uncome uncompromising and rather or vindictive man, i just think, i think -- so the idea of like standard oil or somebody acting as a force to say, you know, the americans need a larger role in the world,
asserted himself in matters of foreign policy and national security. the president has greater latitude, but this president has abused his authority we have tried to overrule him in so many issues. he laid the employer mandate and i agree that we tried to do it legislatively and he said that he would veto the bill. lou: if i may, i apologize for interrupting. >> sure. >> you and i agree on that. but my question goes to are you going to persist in the same tactics and strategies without consequence or result? >> answered that question is we must employ a realistic expectation of success and that is the key and i think we have learned a lesson. i hope that we have learned a lesson with the funding of obamacare, realizing there is not going to be a realistic expectation of success and we must pick our fights more carefully. one thing that i've learned about this situation is the democrats now agree with us and we need to get rid of this delay. lou: it is an ideological partisan debate and outrageously bad public policy. >> we agree. any mention of privacy violations. so much of the focus h
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